10 Replies Latest reply on Aug 30, 2016 4:36 PM by phoffmann

    How to Build a Preferred Server

    adamj777 Apprentice

      I am trying to find documentation on how to setup a computer that will act as a preferred server for my LANDESK 2016 Core server. I have tried searching this forum with terms like: "How to configure a preferred server", "How to setup a preferred server", "how to install a preferred server", "how to build a preferred server", etc. I get all kinds of information about preferred servers EXCEPT how to set them up. The only information I can seem to find is the same information that is in the User's Manual, which is how to configure the CORE to USE a preferred server. Does this mean that no setup is actually necessary on the preferred server itself; that, when I configure the core to point to a computer I designate as a preferred server, LANDESK will configure that computer to have all the necessary shares, services, and permissions that are required? Is there some sort of routine that runs to configure the preferred server itself? Or is there some secret document that provides instructions/guidelines on how to setup the preferred server itself? (And why is this not in the manual? Why is it so hard to find this information on the community website?)

        • 1. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
          phoffmann SupportEmployee

          Not much is needed in terms of set-up no.


          It mainly requires the things you'd expect:

          - Oodles of disk space

          - Good network card(s).


          ... it doesn't need a LANDesk Agent as such, since "it" (the preferred server) doesn't get talked to, unless you want to use file replication on it as well.


          If it's "just" to be a preferred server (and you've got an existing process around file replication) then it's "essentially" just a case of:

          - Giving the client(s) in question a set of credentials to hit up the Preferred Server

          - Substituting a path from (for instance) http://MyOriginalServer/MyShare/MyFile.exe over to http://MyPreferredServer/MyShare/MyFile.exe


          ... hope that clarifies / explains things? If it's "just" from a side of having clients access it, it's "just" a file server & doesn't even need to know about LANDesk's existence .


          Hope this helps / clarifies a bit?

          • 2. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
            adamj777 Apprentice

            Oh, I was under the impression that clients would automatically talk to the closest preferred server (or peer) that had the files- like in 9.5, only better. You're saying that this is not the case? I have to manually point clients to a particular preferred server in their area? I am assuming this means creating packages and/or templates that explicitly point to "http://MyPreferredServer/MyShare/MyFile.exe " rather than the core. So, in LD 2016, if we have 10 preferred servers throughout our enterprise, I need to create 10 separate software packages for the same executable, each pointing to a different server and then assign the right package to the appropriate clients? This seems like a hell of a lot of work. In 9.5, we pointed everything to the Core and the job handlers sorted out which server was closest and then substituted that preferred server path for the core path that was specified in the package. It no longer works this way?

            • 3. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
              phoffmann SupportEmployee

              Errr - no. That's not what I said (or meant to say).


              I explained how the Preferred Server bit "works" as far as the client is concerned. It's a thing that's easy to explain that it just automatically substitutes the server-name in a package location. So that part still works "just fine" - that part works "automatically" if you permit it in the delivery method.


              You configure Preferred Package Servers centrally (on the Core) once - and clients just pull down that list & apply the one that applies to them (usually based on networking information). So - you're still just configuring a package 1x ... no panic. Not sure where the wires got crossed, but there's no reason to panic.


              The client (in essence) goes through these steps:

              1. Client gets told by the Core - "Go forth, and download these files. Use Preferred Servers".
              2. If client doesn't have currently a preferred server list (usually only lives for a max of 24 hrs), it asks the Core for the list.
              3. Assuming you've enabled the usage of preferred servers, the Client tries to download the file - from the preferred server first, instead of the source (as you'd expect). This is the stuff I (tried to) describe(d) above as "just substituting the server name".
                1. ... if download is successful -  great.
                2. ... if download from peer fails, it tries to download from other sources as permitted (i.e. - usually the source at this point).


              ... does that make it clearer?

              1 of 1 people found this helpful
              • 4. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
                adamj777 Apprentice

                OK, this is how I originally understood it to work. Thanks for your clarification... I stumbled off course at your mention of giving clients credentials and pointing them to the Preferred Server UNC directly.


                What I am after is a set of instructions for setting up a Preferred Server- the actual box. My goal is to create a provisioning template that will build a preferred server for me with all the required software installed and configured (as thoroughly as possible, anyway) so that I can roll one out in short order when we setup a new remote subnet. I presume I must configure shares on the preferred server, add permissions, possibly enable IIS and configure that, etc. However, I cannot find an explicit set of instructions on how to set up this preferred server so that it responds to clients and replicates files from the core. Unless the whole process of configuring the preferred server itself is done automatically when it is defined on the LANDESK Core  (via serverside script or SDP or the like), there seems to be a missing set of instructions.

                • 5. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
                  ldms_4mfe Apprentice
                  1 of 1 people found this helpful
                  • 6. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
                    dsears Apprentice

                    EDITED to add UNC share command


                    I have actually been looking up and documenting this exact information. I'm not completely finished yet but here's what I've found so far...


                    This is based on a newly built system with no custom configurations. i tested this on a Windows 7 system but the features should be the same or at least close on a server.


                    Below is the list of commands I have so far. I do not currently have the Shared folder setup scripted yet but I'm working on it. This will not setup anything within the LANDesk console so you will still need to go in the console and set that up.



                    -Commands are case sensitive

                    -You may not need all of these features but this is what I have enabled and working

                    -Follow the commands in order as some of them are dependent on previous commands



                    Enabling IIS:

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-WebServerRole

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-WebServerManagementTools

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-NetFxExtensibility

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-ISAPIExtensions

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-ASP

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-APIFilter

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-ASPNET

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-CGI

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-ServerSideIncludes

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-HttpRedirect

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-WebDAV

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-BasicAuthentication

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-ClientCertificateMappingAuthentication

                    %windir%\system32\dism.exe /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:IIS-WindowsAuthentication


                    Add MIME types:

                    %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd set config /section:staticContent /+"[fileExtension='.',mimeType='application/octet-stream']"

                    %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd set config /section:staticContent /+"[fileExtension='.*',mimeType='application/octet-stream']"


                    Setting up UNC share:


                    Example (create share Fileserver with EVERYONE=Read and Admin=Full):

                    net share Fileserver="C:\Software Packages" /GRANT:Everyone,Read /GRANT:Admin,FULL


                    Setup Virtual Directory:

                    NOTE - replace the following variables

                    VIRTUALDIRECTORYNAME = What do you want your virtual directory called?

                    UNCPATH = What is the UNC path to the directory that this will point to

                    DOMAIN\USERNAME = User that will authenticate to the UNC path for the virtual directory. Domain piece is required for a domain user.

                    PASSWORD = Password for user


                    %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd add vdir /app.name:"Default Web Site/" /path:/VIRTUALDIRECTORYNAME /physicalPath:\\UNCPATH  /userName:DOMAIN\USERNAME /password:PASSWORD

                    Example: %windir%\system32\inetsrv\appcmd add vdir /app.name:"Default Web Site/" /path:/Fileserver /physicalPath:\\ldprefserver\packages  /userName:domain\ldsvc /password:MyPass123!

                    2 of 2 people found this helpful
                    • 7. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
                      adamj777 Apprentice

                      Thanks for your efforts, dsears! This will serve as an excellent start for me.

                      • 8. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
                        adamj777 Apprentice

                        Thank you all for your contributions to this thread. I understand why I was confused initially. In our environment, our Preferred Servers also serve as PXE Reps for provisioning and replication targets for LANDesk replication. I thought this was all one system- all part of the Preferred Package Server role. But it looks like:


                        1. The Preferred Package Server only requires that it be accessible to clients and that it is defined as a PPS on the Core. Distributed availability of the files used in Software Distribution and Provisioning are handled by this service. The PPS does NOT require that a LANDESK Agent be installed.
                        2. The PXE Rep is a separate mechanism that can co-reside on the Preferred Package Server. Distributed availability of the WinPE boot WIMs are handled by this service. The device acting as a PXE Rep DOES require that the LANDESK Agent be installed.
                        3. Replication is a separate mechanism that is optional, assuming you have some other way to replicate data from the core to your PPS. (Not sure if an Agent is required on replication targets and/or the replicator.)


                        Do I have this right?

                        • 9. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
                          adamj777 Apprentice

                          Thanks! I did have those links already. I was confused because I was looking at PPS/PXE Rep/Replication as one big process and was confused as to why I could not find any documents that addressed it in this way.

                          • 10. Re: How to Build a Preferred Server
                            phoffmann SupportEmployee

                            So - if this is resolved / answered, would you be OK with marking the thread as such & marking the answer that helped you out the most, so that it'll included with your question (and can help other folks who may search for the same)? .