Sort of, but it isn't a complete solution. If you use the object designer, you can lock a domain (Incident/problem/whatever) and that stops people from designing new windows, attributes and so on. That was a major good thing that LD did a while back and might be all you need. However depending on the version you are running, there are other things that can be changed that are not blocked by this. For example prior to 2016.3 adding new categories in PROD, using them in a process and then running T2L would typically result in an error where T2L tries to delete the things it doesn't know about. This was attended to in 2016.3, but unfortunately (MHO!) the changes introduced other issues such as T2L no longer pushing across amendments to service level agreements and response levels. Inserts yes, but changes no. So you have to manually go through and fix those up - a retrograde step I think.
So practice in a sandpit first and read up on using Design Transfer as it's a useful tool to push things between environments when T2L moans